Typical trauma responses by developmental age:

Preschool-Age Children

Emotional

  • Irritability, depression, and/or anger
  • Fear of being alone
  • Fear of re-occurrence of traumatic event
Cognitive
  • Excessive worry thoughts about themselves and those around them

Behavioral

  • Difficulty eating/sleeping
  • Developmental regression (such as toilet training)
  • Clingy behavior
  • Common to reenact trauma through play
  • Recurrent daydreams or flashbacks of the event
  • Nightmares